Considered to be one of the three great martial art styles of Southern China, Wing Chun was designed to be a more effective fighting method which does not rely on brute strength for victory. Wing Chun is very different to other fighting styles, when it comes to theory, movement structure and generation of force. Other fighting styles use methods of imitation (such as animals) but Wing Chun seeks to eliminate unnecessary movements and generate force and power as efficiently as possible.
The Centreline Theory
Wing Chun has several core concepts, which must be understood and mastered for a student to become proficient. As it is a logical and scientific martial art, Wing Chun does not look to use unnecessary movements, but places importance on being able to strike effectively and decisively. The first key concept that students will learn to master is the Centreline Theory, which states that the line drawn from the centre of the Wing Chun practitioner’s body to the centre of the body of the opponent is the quickest and most direct path along which to strike. Strikes made along the centreline are more powerful and lose no force, making them preferable to curved or sweeping strikes, or any other strike that deviates from the centre. In situations in which the Wing Chun practitioner is caught off centre, the next step is to redirect the opponent and shift them in a way that the Wing Chun practitioner can regain control of the centreline, before striking decisively.
Front and Guard
The second key principle of Wing Chun is the stance-and-guard. Wing Chun teaches a front-on stance, unlike other martial arts which employ a side-on stance, which allows for several significant advantages. Standing and guarding front-on to the opponent allows the Wing Chun practitioner to use both arms and legs to protect the entire body, without leaving open any vulnerable spots, such as the back. This stance-and-guard places an emphasis on protecting the body’s vital organs, which are predominately located in a straight line down the body. Standing and guarding front-on also allows the Wing Chun practitioner to strike quickly and from either side, meaning that no one side of the body is disadvantaged, whilst allowing for up to three limbs to be used at once. This relaxed state from which the Wing Chun practitioner can either attack or defend forms the internal structure of Wing Chun itself, thus allowing for the re-direction of an opponent’s attacks, and the generation of large amounts of retaliatory force.
Watch our video